By Oleg M. Anshakov, Tamás Gergely, Tamas Gergely, Victor K. Finn
Dealing with uncertainty, relocating from lack of understanding to wisdom, is the focal point of cognitive methods. realizing those methods and modelling, designing, and construction synthetic cognitive structures have lengthy been demanding study problems.
This ebook describes the speculation and technique of a brand new, scientifically well-founded common technique, and its awareness within the type of clever platforms appropriate in disciplines starting from social sciences, reminiscent of cognitive technological know-how and sociology, via common sciences, equivalent to existence sciences and chemistry, to technologies, equivalent to drugs, schooling, and engineering.
The major topic constructed within the ebook is cognitive reasoning investigated at 3 degrees of abstraction: conceptual, formal, and realizational. The authors supply a version of a cognizing agent for the conceptual conception of cognitive reasoning, and so they current a logically well-founded formal cognitive reasoning framework to address a number of the believable reasoning equipment. They finish with an item version of a cognitive engine.
The ebook is appropriate for researchers, scientists, and graduate scholars operating within the components of man-made intelligence, mathematical common sense, and philosophy.
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Extra info for Cognitive Reasoning: A Formal Approach
3 Reasoning 39 observable phenomena. At the same time detection of illusionary causes allows for finding real laws, which on the one hand can serve as a basis for theory construction and on the other hand can be used for predictions. However this reasoning is not deductive since the cause–effect relation (like the relations of compatibility, regular support etc. which appear to be of cause–effect) is not identical to logical entailment. In this case we deal with plausible reasoning where the truth of the premises does not guarantee the truth of the conclusion.
The stop condition checker monitors the condition which is to be satisfied in order to stop the reasoner’s operation. This monitoring takes place within the reasoning phase. The stop condition can be defined in various ways. For example, the reasoner can suspend operation after a given period of time, or upon the completion of a given number of iterations of its operation cycle. The stop condition can also depend on quantitative criteria, for example on the relative size of the uncertainty area.
E. e. a statement will be true if it allows the explanation of certain facts or, in other words, it allows a cognizing subject to interact more effectively and efficiently with the environment. e. it will be acceptable, if it is found to be pragmatically useful. This is the pragmatic aspect of the notion of truth. Moreover, the theory of truth will also support the evaluation of the degree of certainty which permits the handling of the dynamics of the growth of knowledge. In this case the proposed theory of truth provides a process of generation of truth values that is constructive and iterative.