By Neil Leary, Cecilia Conde, Jyoti Kulkarni, Anthony Nyong, Juan Pulhin
?Sound and sturdy case experiences on vulnerability and variation were woefully missing within the overseas discourse on weather switch. This set of books starts off to bridge the gap.? Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary normal and government Director of United international locations setting Programme ?Important studying for college kids and practitioners alike.? Martin Parry, Co-Chair, operating staff II (Impacts, edition and Vulnerability), Intergovernmental Panel on weather swap (IPCC) ?This ebook fills a big hole in our realizing ... it's policy-relevant and merits to be generally read.? Richard Klein, Senior learn Fellow, Stockholm atmosphere Institute (SEI), Sweden The award of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007 to the IPCC brings wanted cognizance to the threats from weather swap for hugely susceptible areas of the constructing international. This authoritative quantity (along with its spouse masking model) as a result of the paintings of the checks of affects and variations to weather swap (AIACC) undertaking introduced with the IPCC in 2002, is the 1st to supply an in-depth research of the stakes in constructing international locations. It discusses who's susceptible and the character and explanations in their vulnerability for elements of the area which were poorly researched until eventually now. It additionally offers researchers with new examples of functions of vulnerability evaluate tools, an process that's of transforming into curiosity within the weather switch quarter yet for which there are quite few functions within the literature. released with TWAS and begin
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The greater land-use pressures, combined with the persistent decline in average rainfall, have added to land degradation problems. The productivity of grazing lands has declined in the north. In response, herders have migrated south into sedentary farmers’ lands. The resulting conflicts have led to the loss of lives, the destruction of crops, livestock and farmlands, and food insecurity for those affected. Commodity export-oriented economies The sensitivity of cash crop yields to climate variability and change is of considerable importance to countries that depend heavily on the contribution of cash crops to national income and foreign exchange earnings.
3 Ecosystems and biodiversity vulnerabilities 3243 J&J Vulnerability Page 12 12 Climate Change and Vulnerability 3243 J&J Vulnerability 1/11/07 10:22 am Page 13 For Whom the Bell Tolls 13 than are those of the savannas. The fynbos is the major vegetation type of the Cape Floral Kingdom, which is the smallest of the world’s six floral kingdoms. It is located entirely in South Africa, has the highest concentration of species of any of the floral kingdoms and has a species endemism rate of 70 per cent.
Ziervogel et al (Chapter 9) compare the determinants of food insecurity from four case studies: Mangondi village in Limpopo Province, South Africa; Gireigikh rural council in North Kordofan, Sudan; Chingowa village in Borno State, Nigeria; and Tlaxcala State, Mexico. Each of the study sites has a dry, drought-prone climate and exposure to declining average precipitation and frequent drought are sources of risk to household food security. Comparison of the cases demonstrates that household characteristics related to resource access play a dominant role in determining household vulnerability.