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By S. Wojciech Sokolowski

Focusing on service-providing companies proven by way of healthiness and human provider pros in post-Communist Poland, this e-book provides a brand new measurement to the sociological learn of voluntary firms. the writer investigates the factors and pursuits of the folks who determine those corporations and the connections between organizational kinds, the social companies of construction, and the occupational pursuits carrier providers.

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Extra info for Civil Society and the Professions in Eastern Europe: Social Change and Organizational Innovation in Poland

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This sufficient condition, as we already know, must comprise the motives of the private suppliers of nonprofit services in question. Based on the observation that educational services are frequently provided by religious groups, James argues that their motivation is “not to maximize profits but to maximize religious faith or religious adherents and [nonprofit] schools are one of the most important institutions of taste formation and socialization” (p. 405). As we already observed, relaxing the rationality assumption by introducing nonrational motives of human actors may create internal inconsistencies in the public good theory.

The behavioral model employed in that investigation should take into account differences between types and levels of information that professionals and the lay public have about the nature of the service. , the “nonprofit” status) but on all essential features of the organizational form in question: its formal structure, distinctive organizational behavior, and the public perception of that behavior. Having outlined the theoretical background that justifies the need for this investigation, the inquiry will proceed in three steps.

Since human actors are rational, we are told, they are capable of anticipating future benefits and perils (which the researcher typically knows ex post facto) and act accordingly to achieve the maximum future benefits while minimizing future losses. The end result of such casuistry is the teleological fallacy that explains social facts by its future consequences. Following this discussion, we can distinguish two types of causal models in social sciences: teleological and positive. The teleological causation model3 does not shy away from (even though it may not be limited to) explaining social facts by presumably anticipated outcomes that typically materialize after these facts occur.

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