By Maung Aung Myoe
Ever on account that Myanmar regained her independence in January 1948, the Tatmadaw (Myanmar military) has been the most important in restoring and conserving legislation and order. it truly is probably the most very important associations in Myanmar politics. a number of points of the Tatmadaw were studied. the main awesome sector of research has been the political function of the army. This examine appears on the organizational improvement of the Myanmar militia. It analyses 4 various elements of the Tatmadaw: army doctrine and procedure, association and strength constitution, armament and strength modernization, and armed forces education and officer schooling. It units out defense perceptions and regulations, charting advancements in each one section opposed to the location on the time, and in addition notes the contributions of the major actors within the technique. given that early Nineties, the Tatmadaw has applied a strength modernization programme. This paintings reviews rationales and approach at the back of the strength modernization programme and examines the army features of the Tatmadaw. Drawing generally from archival resources and present literature, this empirically grounded examine argues that, whereas the interior armed defense danger to the nation keeps to play an enormous function, it's the exterior safeguard hazard that provides extra weight to the growth and modernization of the Tatmadaw when you consider that 1988. It additionally argues that, regardless of its imperfections, the Tatmadaw has remodeled from a strength basically for counter-insurgency operations right into a strength in a position to combating in restricted traditional battle.
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Extra info for Building the Tatmadaw: Myanmar Armed Forces Since 1948
9 Kyi Win’s recommendations were overshadowed by discussion of the Tatmadaw’s immediate task of running the country in the name of the Caretaker Government; nevertheless, the Tatmadaw started developing an appropriate military doctrine and strategy for Myanmar. 10 Special attention was given to the suppression of insurgency. It was a common view among the commanders of the time that unless insurgency was suppressed, foreign interference would be highly probable. 11 By the late 1950s, the Tatmadaw leadership was fully aware of various insurgent groups seeking external assistance.
In the age of globalization, it is necessary for you to be capable of keeping up with developments in modern science and technology for the sake of national security and defence. You need to be innovative and [show] initiative, to be ingenious and be skilled in modern command and control systems… You need to be well-versed in high-tech weapon system[s] and be endowed with three capabilities [military, organizational and administrative]. 64 At the 54th Anniversary of Armed Forces Day (27 March 1999), Commanderin-Chief of the Defence Service, Senior General Than Shwe remarked: In order to be a Tatmadaw which is capable of defending a peaceful, modern and prosperous nation, it is essential to be modern, strong and highly capable… To be a “modern, strong and capable Tatmadaw” is our objectives [sic].
In the field of command, control, communication and intelligence, information and digital technologies are being applied. Electronic warfare is to be waged and to be countered with electronic counter intelligence/measures and counter sabotage. 67 (Italics is mine) In connection with the RMA, it appears that the Tatmadaw has undertaken a number of studies on electronic and information warfare. Detailed studies on various aspects of war were done on “Operation Desert Storm”, the “Kosovo War”, and “Afghanistan War”.