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By J. Youde

Utilizing ancient and modern case stories, Youde lines the transferring stability among surveillance and international public strong provision and means that a human rights-based technique deals a strong compromise.

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34 Enter Alexander Langmuir. A professor of epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University, Langmuir joined the CDC in 1949 as its chief epidemiologist. His chief task in those early days was to develop the nascent organization’s epidemiological capabilities so as to be useful on a practical basis. To this end, he created the Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS). Members of the EIS commonly called “the disease detectives,” received two-year postgraduate fellowships to public health personnel in applied epidemiology to link disease outbreaks with their causes and recommend treatment and prevention options.

93 With greater surveillance has come greater attention to health in general. The United Nations Security Council’s special session devoted to AIDS in 2000 is just one sign of the increased attention the international community is paying to health concerns. Witness the emergence of both UNAIDS and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. International financial institutions like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have moved to place protecting and promoting the health of local populations as central to their organizational missions.

This is a particular problem for public goods. Because producers will not reap the benefits (and profits) from producing a public good, there is less incentive to produce that good. What further complicates the situation is that people can benefit from the public good even if they contribute nothing to its provision. Why should I, as a private company, bear the cost of providing of a particular good or service if I know that I cannot recover my costs? In these situations, the government often steps in to either produce the good itself or alter the incentives to induce private companies to provide it.

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