By Etienne Paul, Yu Liu
A complete consultant to sludge administration, reuse, and disposal
When wastewater is handled, decreasing natural fabric to carbon dioxide, water, and bacterial cells?the cells are disposed of, generating a semisolid and nutrient-rich byproduct known as sludge. the growth in worldwide inhabitants and business task has grew to become the creation of extra sludge into a world environmental problem, with the last word disposal of extra sludge now essentially the most dear difficulties confronted through wastewater amenities.
Written through prime environmental engineers, Biological Sludge Minimization and Biomaterials/Bioenergy restoration applied sciences offers a accomplished examine state of the art strategies for lowering sludge creation, changing sludge right into a value-added fabric, recuperating worthwhile assets from sludge, and sludge incineration. Reflecting the effect of latest stringent environmental laws, this publication deals a frank appraisal of the way sludge will be realistically controlled, protecting key issues and the newest instruments:
- Fundamentals of organic approaches for wastewater therapy, wastewater microbiology, and microbial metabolism, necessary to figuring out how sludge is produced
- Prediction of basic sludge and waste-activated sludge construction, one of the leader layout and operational demanding situations of a wastewater therapy plant
- Technologies for sludge aid, with a spotlight on decreasing microbial progress yield in addition to improving sludge disintegration
- The use of anerobic digestion of sewage sludge for biogas restoration, by way of technique basics, layout, and operation
- The use of the microbial gas phone (MFC) procedure for the sustainable therapy of natural wastes and electricity recovery
Chapter 1 basics of organic strategies for Wastewater therapy (pages 1–80): Jianlong Wang
Chapter 2 Sludge construction: Quantification and Prediction for city therapy vegetation and overview of thoughts for Sludge relief (pages 81–116): Mathieu Sperandio, Etienne Paul, Yolaine Bessiere and Yu Liu
Chapter three Characterization of Municipal Wastewater and Sludge (pages 117–154): Etienne Paul, Xavier Lefebvre, Mathieu Sperandio, Dominique Lefebvre and Yu Liu
Chapter four Oxic?Settling?Anaerobic technique for more suitable Microbial Decay (pages 155–182): Qingliang Zhao and Jianfang Wang
Chapter five strength Uncoupling for Sludge Minimization: execs and CONS (pages 183–208): Bo Jiang, Yu Liu and Etienne Paul
Chapter 6 aid of extra Sludge creation utilizing Ozonation or Chlorination: functionality and Mechanisms of motion (pages 209–248): Etienne Paul, Qi?Shan Liu and Yu Liu
Chapter 7 High?Dissolved?Oxygen organic method for Sludge relief (pages 249–260): Zhi?Wu Wang
Chapter eight Minimizing extra Sludge creation via Membrane Bioreactors and built-in techniques (pages 261–290): Philip Chuen?Yung Wong
Chapter nine Microbial gasoline cellphone know-how for Sustainable therapy of natural Wastes and electricity restoration (pages 291–318): Shi?Jie You, Nan?Qi Ren and Qing?Liang Zhao
Chapter 10 Anaerobic Digestion of Sewage Sludge (pages 319–347): Kuan?Yeow convey, Duu?Jong Lee and Joo?Hwa Tay
Chapter eleven Mechanical Pretreatment?Assisted organic tactics (pages 349–371): Helene Carrere, Damien J. Batstone and Etienne Paul
Chapter 12 Thermal the right way to improve organic remedy approaches (pages 373–404): Etienne Paul, Helene Carrere and Damien J. Batstone
Chapter thirteen Combustion, Pyrolysis, and Gasification of Sewage Sludge for strength restoration (pages 405–427): Yong?Qiang Liu, Joo?Hwa Tay and Yu Liu
Chapter 14 cardio Granular Sludge know-how for Wastewater therapy (pages 429–463): Bing?Jie Ni and Han?Qing Yu
Chapter 15 Biodegradable Bioplastics from Fermented Sludge, Wastes, and Effluents (pages 465–498): Etienne Paul, Elisabeth Neuhauser and Yu Liu
Read or Download Biological Sludge Minimization and Biomaterials/Bioenergy Recovery Technologies PDF
Similar environmental engineering books
Followed within the usa and several nations, LEED? certification is the well-known typical for measuring development sustainability. attaining LEED? own certification or venture certification is the right way to show that the undertaking is really ''green. '' Written via an architect with over 30 years of foreign adventure, this booklet presents architects, designers, development vendors, and building engineers with a simple to appreciate consultant to the nuts and bolts of LEED?
Such a lot aquatic ecosystems have variable water degrees. those water-level fluctuations (WLF) have a number of results at the organisms above and under the waterline. normal WLF styles in lakes warrantly either productiveness and biodiversity, whereas premature floods and droughts can have unwanted effects. Human affects on WLF have resulted in a stabilization of the water degrees of many lakes by means of hydraulic legislation, premature drawdown as a result of water use, or floods as a result of water unlock from hydropower vegetation within the catchments.
Fallung, Flockung und die dazugehorige Abtrennung sind "Arbeitspferde' der Wasseraufbereitung, ebenso wie die mechanisch-biologische Behandlung das wichtigste Grundverfahren der Abwasserreinigung ist. Mit zunehmender In tensivierung der Wassernutzung und der sich ergebenden Verkiirzung des natiirlichen Wasserkreislaufes verlieren sich die Unterschiede zwischen Wasser aufbereitung und Wasserreinigung mehr und mehr.
- Producing Fuels and Fine Chemicals from Biomass Using Nanomaterials
- Radioactive aerosols
- Statistical physics
- Methods in Applied Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry
- Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology
Additional info for Biological Sludge Minimization and Biomaterials/Bioenergy Recovery Technologies
The extent of bias or uncertainty is indicated by the size of the dash; ﬁnely dashed lines indicate that current methods for measurement or calculation of these parameters may be indeterminate. ] 22 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT the Sedgewick–Rafter chamber for algal counts. The use of a phase-contrast microscope is required when nonphotosynthetic microorganisms are under consideration. Presently, the most popular method consists of retaining the cells on a membrane ﬁlter treated to suppress autoﬂuorescence (use of polycarbonate ﬁlters treated with Irgalan black) and staining the cells with ﬂuorochromes, such as acridine orange or 40 ,6-diamidino-2-phenylindol (DAPI).
The cilia give the appearance of two rotating wheels at the head of the rotifer. Epiphanes is a large rotifer, reaching 600 mm in length. Some rotifers are as small as 100 mm. 4 Schematic diagram of a typical rotifer. SOME IMPORTANT MICROORGANISMS IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT 19 have several micrograms per liter of dissolved oxygen in order to grow. They can survive for several hours in low dissolved oxygen (DO) environments, but not for long periods. In the presence of large bacteria populations and adequate DO, rotifers will quickly eat most of the bacteria, even if the bacteria are ﬂocculated.
Since light energy is absorbed by water, growth of the algae occurs near the water surface. The photosynthetic pigments in the algae convert light energy into chemical energy by electron transfer. The rate of energy production in algae is a function of the surface area of photosynthetic pigments and the light intensity. In addition to light, algae need a source of carbon for cell protoplasm. Carbon dioxide is the primary carbon source for algae. 03% carbon dioxide, giving very little pressure for transferring carbon dioxide into natural waters.