By E. Barcevicius, T. Weishaupt, J. Zeitlin, Egidijus Barcevi?ius
In accordance with the findings of a large-scale, comparative study venture, this quantity systematically assesses the institutional layout and nationwide impression of the Open approach to Coordination in Social Inclusion and Social safeguard (pensions and health/long-term care), on the eu Union point and in ten ecu Member States.
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Extra info for Assessing the Open Method of Coordination: Institutional Design and National Influence of EU Social Policy Coordination
Second, there was a need, in the words of the Commission, to ‘adopt some of the methods and approaches’ used by the Lisbon Strategy (European Commission 2008d, 4) and, in particular, to establish quantitative social targets and adopt Country-Speciﬁc Recommendations (CSRs). Next, the social 32 Tracing the Social OMC stakeholders argued for actions to increase Member States’ commitment to the process and its domestic visibility, to develop the evidence base and analytical tools, to foster mutual learning (including the peer reviews), to encourage deliberation and stakeholder involvement, and to improve interaction between social and other policies.
Weishaupt, and J. Zeitlin 25 (where Member States ‘easily’ agreed that child poverty, for instance, is undesirable) or pensions (where systems can – at least at the macro level – be compared by looking at costs, replacement rates, and risk groups). Unsurprisingly, many Member States remained ‘strongly averse to formalizing the debate about health care at the EU level’ (Hervey and Vanhercke 2010, 116). 13 However, the initial momentum of the Lisbon Strategy dissipated within only a few years. The High Level Group chaired by Wim Kok (former Dutch prime minister) established by the European Council to carry out an independent mid-term review came to a blunt conclusion: the Lisbon Strategy was insufﬁciently focused, as it is ‘about everything and thus about nothing’, and ‘too many targets will be seriously missed’ (Kok 2004, 11, 16).
Second, not only do Member States only vary greatly with respect to their national health systems, but the selection of indicators also proved extremely difﬁcult. The quality of a health-care system is very difﬁcult to assess and often based on subjective measures when persons are asked how they feel about a service or about their health (Schulte 2010). Hence, selecting health indicators is much more (politically) sensitive than either the ﬁeld of social inclusion E. Barceviˇcius, J. T. Weishaupt, and J.