By Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle
This ebook analyzes the increasing oil and gasoline actions within the Arctic from the point of view of Sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR). the focal point is at the territories of the Arctic rim the place the present and destiny oil and gasoline actions within the Arctic are and should be situated. The ebook increases a couple of questions together with how sustainable improvement has been framed within the Arctic and the interplay among indigenous peoples, governments and oil and fuel businesses.
The publication is split into 3 elements. within the first a part of the ebook, oil and fuel are approached in the course of the strategies of sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR) including the problem of weather switch. the second one half contains case stories from Alaska, Canada, Norway and Russia the place the discourses on oil and gasoline within the Arctic are explored and the ultimate a part of the ebook attracts jointly the cloth from the rustic reports in a comparative demeanour.
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Extra resources for Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk?
The first Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines were developed by PAME in 1997 in cooperation with the other Working Groups. The guidelines undergo periodic review, and the Arctic Council endorsed a new version in 2002 (PAME, 2002). The guidelines are intended to be of use by the Arctic Nations central and regional authorities at: all stages during planning, exploration and development of offshore oil and gas activities. They should be used to secure common policy and practices. The target group for the Guidelines is thus primarily the national authorities, but the Guidelines may also be of help to the industry when planning for oil and gas activities and to the public in understanding environmental concerns and practices of Arctic offshore oil and gas activities.
Biodiversity conservation in the Arctic. Climate change impact assessment in the Arctic. Prevention and elimination of ecological emergencies in the Arctic, including those relating to climate change. (Arctic Council, 2004b) While the SDAP contained an overview of the different ongoing projects under each of the above headings, the SDAP has not been especially operational within the Arctic Council. It is still only available in its draft form and the Action Plan seems to have had limited impact.
Therefore, ‘finding ways to address the imbalance of authority and resources is a matter of the utmost importance throughout the Arctic today’. An associated challenge is to maintain the ‘viability of Arctic communities’. This requires an ‘enhanced ability to take advantage of the interactions among governmental, corporate, organizational and personal networks from the local to the global level’, and ‘a better understanding of the effects of cumulative changes on cultural and social well-being in the Arctic’ (Young and Einarsson, 2004b: 234, 238).