By Gerd Nonneman
Within the post-9/11 weather, the function of heart japanese and North African (MENA) states in Europe’s local defense surroundings and foreign politics has turn into greater than ever a spotlight for realization, yet continues to be ill-understood. This publication presents a framework for the research of center japanese international guidelines as a rule, and for realizing those states’ kin with Europe particularly. The ebook fills a niche within the literature on Euro-Middle jap family through adopting a south-to-north standpoint, utilizing the instruments of international coverage research to ascertain the determinants of the overseas guidelines of the MENA states themselves: in basic terms therefore can one wish to reach at a real knowing of what underlies those states’ evolving coverage orientations and behavior in the direction of Europe. the quantity begins by means of laying out a conceptual framework for research, and interpreting the household, local, and foreign environments that situation MENA international rules. genuine coverage output is then systematically investigated via a variety of state case stories starting from the Maghreb and the Mashreq to the Gulf and Turkey. Europe is handled all through either as a goal of these overseas rules, and as a part of the surroundings that shapes them. the results of a two-year venture backed through the eu collage Institute’s Mediterranean Programme, the booklet is helping bridge the divide among heart East services and the self-discipline of diplomacy. The systematic comparative research of MENA states’ international coverage with certain connection with Europe throws new mild on questions about ‘Third global’ international coverage.
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Additional info for Analysing Middle Eastern Foreign Policies: The Relationship With Europe
Gregory Gause III, ‘Systemic Approaches to Middle East International Relations,’ in International Studies Review 1:1, Spring 1999, pp. ), The Foreign Policies of Middle Eastern States. 16. 13–14. 17. , Saudi Arabia: Guarding the Desert Kingdom (Boulder: Westview, 1997). 18. This section draws on an earlier analysis in Nonneman, ‘Constants and Variations in British– Gulf Relations’, in J.
Links The importance of Europe’s colonial and imperial involvement in the region can hardly be overstated. Virtually all of the MENA states came under the direct or indirect rule of European powers and in many cases were in fact created by them. Leaving aside Turkey, the main exceptions are Saudi Arabia and North Yemen – but here too the inﬂuence of Britain in particular was strongly felt and, in the Saudi case, effectively used by the local regime. This history has led to persisting linkages in a number of ways, mirroring the experience of former colonies in other parts of the world.
From the Gulf point of view, these lay in access to Europe’s market for petrochemicals and, generally, trade concessions similar at least to those enjoyed by Israel. Europe’s interest was in domestic and regional stability in the Gulf; the creation of a framework for petroleum imports from the Gulf; and the fact that they had no formal cooperation agreements with any of the countries concerned (nor were any of the members of the GATT). The establishment of the GCC in 1981 appeared to hold out an opportunity to create effective group-to-group cooperation – especially attractive given the contrast of the faltering Euro-Arab Dialogue.