By Breena Holland
This e-book advances a brand new distributional framework to lead the overview and layout of environmental guidelines. Drawing on features thought, specially as articulated in Martha Nussbaum's features method of justice, the ebook proposes that environmental rules may still target to safe the fundamental functions that guarantee that humans to reside a flourishing and dignified human existence. Holland starts through constructing safeguard of the common setting as primary to securing those functions after which considers the consequences for debates in environmental valuation, coverage justification, and administrative rulemaking. In every one of those components, she demonstrates how a 'capabilities method of social and environmental justice' can reduce significant and procedural inequities that end result from how we overview and layout environmental guidelines in modern society.
Holland's proposals contain valuing environmental items and companies as similar - yet now not commensurable - around the related measurement of future health of alternative humans, justifying environmental rules with admire to either the aptitude thresholds they safe and the aptitude ceilings they identify, and subjecting the results of participatory judgements within the administrative rulemaking approach to superior important criteria. In constructing and employing this new angle to justice, Holland essentially makes a speciality of questions of family environmental coverage. within the ultimate bankruptcy she turns to theoretical debates approximately overseas weather coverage and sketches how her method of justice may tell either the philosophical grounding and useful software of efforts to accomplish international weather justice. enticing present debates in environmental coverage and political thought, the booklet is a sustained workout of either utilized and environmental political thought.
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Extra info for Allocating the Earth: A Distributional Framework for Protecting Capabilities in Environmental Law and Policy
17 Allocating the Earth Like any plausible approach to justice, Rawls’s theory recognizes that an account of individual well-being must refer to things besides people’s subjective preferences, such as their actions, opportunities, and rights. 51 For this reason, the account of well-being that this book advances for assessing the natural environment’s value and making environmental policy decisions refers to people’s capabilÂ� ities to do and achieve different things. A person’s capabilities consist of various internal and external conditions of individual enablement that make up and therefore determine a person’s real opportunities.
7 â•‡ See Turner, Pearce, and Bateman (1993:25–26). 9 In this context CBA is a tool for evaluating whether government intervention through particular policies will achieve this maximizing goal. 10 Policies for which aggregate benefits outweigh aggregate costs are treated as economically efficient in the sense that those who benefit from a policy could pay off or compensate those who the policy burdens, such that there are net gains remaining. When policies produce these gains, they can be supported by the claim that if environmental resources were priced and exchanged, people would be motivated to exchange them in ways that result in the same allocation of resources that the policy does in fact produce.
This is necessary for developing a framework that is comprehensive and coherent in accounting for the importance of the natural environment to material and non-material dimensions of well-being, as well as to economic and non-economic social goals. In particular, the work of Sen and Nussbaum, as well others who are developing and applying their ideas, can improve how policy analysts define what environmental impacts matter and for whom. For the purpose of constructing a normative framework to guide the evaluation and design of envirÂ� onmental policy, capabilities theory is a starting point because it can address specific deficiencies in both a purely economic framework for evaluating â•‡ See Holland (2008b) for this critique of Rawls.