By Nelson Marmiroli, Borys Samotokin, Marta Marmiroli
This ebook offers a complete and built-in technique towards fixing the ever growing to be challenge of soil and water infection via radioactive and chemical wastes from army amenities, guns industries, and guns garage. The authors mix idea and perform in particular infection examples. this can be a monograph born out of a special blend of craftsmanship and functional recommendation and is perfect for operators within the box of decontamination.
Read or Download Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents (NATO Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences) PDF
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Extra info for Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents (NATO Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences)
Average-weighted ecosystems. A2 B3 137 Cs specific activity in different components of forest In general, the total 137Cs activity is non-uniformly distributed. In each forest ecosystem, three key components play a major role in the migration of 137Cs (Fig. 11). Common to all ecosystems were the soil (including the forest litter and the mineral layers) and the tree canopy, containing about 88% of 137Cs activity in the Cladonio-Pinetum, 90% in the DicranoPinetum and 93% in the Molinio-Pinetum. Also important were the lichen layer (12% in the Cladonio-Pinetum), and the moss layer (9% in the Dicrano-Pinetum and 7% in the Molinio-Pinetum).
Because the contaminated areas are often very large, off-site soil treatment technologies are prohibitively expensive (Gerth et al. 2003). Facilities for the treatment of explosive contaminated ground- and surface water have to be operated over decades. Since there is a need for cost-effective new technologies for the remediation of soil and water, biological technologies for the treatment of TNT in both media have been developed and applied. We present an overview of the in situ remediation of a former trickling pond by autochthonous microorganisms, and the treatment of explosive-polluted surface water from a firing range.
ORLOV ET AL. 40 5. , 2000). , 1996). The model for the migration of 137Cs was based on the compartmental method, as proposed by Georgievsky (1994), and the conceptual scheme used to create the model has been described in detail by Yanchuk et al. (2002). The structure of the model can be represented as a system of linear ordinary differential equations, where each equation describes 137Cs migration into and out of the compartment: dxk dt ¦ ai _ k l i _ k xi xk ( ¦ ak _ i l k _ i O qk ) , i 1,n, i zk i 1,n, i zk In this equations, lk_i are the coefficients of the compartments’ ties; xi is the 137Cs activity in a given compartment; O is the half-life of 137ɋs; q is the coefficient of 137Cs fixation by the compartment; ai_j are the weight coefficients of the model.