By Robert Bialik, Mariusz Majdański, Mateusz Moskalik
Over the final six many years, the sector of geophysics has skilled fast improvement. Seismic equipment, magnetic stories, hydrology and atmospheric sciences have increased due to a increase within the laptop sciences and dimension suggestions. The frontiers of geophysics have additionally extended, now together with learn at the polar parts, either Arctic and Antarctic. these kinds of occasions are basically mirrored within the 60-year-long historical past of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences. This quantity describes the main admired achievements, the heritage of analysis and likewise the long run capability of the Institute of Geophysics PAS. It describes measurements in quite a few initiatives, equipment of analyzing clinical facts, and final yet no longer least the folk who've pushed this examine in lots of medical projects.
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Additional resources for Achievements, History and Challenges in Geophysics: 60th Anniversary of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences
In 1903, Prof. Rudzki managed to equip this station with two horizontal seismographs of Bosch-Omori type. g. Mazur 1993). From the early 20th century, in the Polish lands annexed to Russia—called the Congress Kingdom—physicist and geophysicist Stanisław Kalinowski (1873–1946), under the auspices of the Museum of Industry and Agriculture, started preparations for implementing systematic measurements of the Earth magnetic field components and establishing a magnetic observatory at S´wider near Warsaw.
It started functioning in 1909 and worked till 1916. In 1910, Königliche Technische Hochschule Breslau was instituted and took over the management of the observatory (since 1945 the Hochschule’s buildings have been occupied by the Wrocław University of Technology). In the years 1928–1929 the operation of the observatory was temporarily stopped, but registration re-started in 1929. During military operations in 1945, the building of observatory was completely ruined, but the Wiechert’s seismographs survived in the basement.
Maj and K. P. Teisseyre Fig. 3 The Wiechert horizontal seismograph, originally installed in Wrocław, then transported to the Racibórz Observatory. Photo taken in the museum part of the seismological station at the Silesian Planetarium in Chorzów by K. P. Teisseyre in 2013 been overhauled, with participation of Polish Republic. There are some plans to commercialize this building, strongly opposed by the defenders of wildlife nature in this small mountain range. Seismic observations were also conducted in those parts of today’s Poland, which before or during the Second World War belonged to Germany; they were under supervision of the observatory in Królewiec (German name Königsberg, now Kaliningrad, Russia), or in Wrocław (then Breslau); see Tams (1950) and Schweitzer (2003).