By Grant Evans
This complete and brilliant background of Laos is a perfect advent for travelers, company tourists, and scholars. Informative and transportable, it chronicles the background of Laos from precedent days, whilst the dynastic states of the quarter waxed and waned, to the turmoil of the Vietnam struggle and independence from France. This advisor investigates those key occasions below a brand new mild and provides severe demanding situations to the traditional perspectives approximately Laos's interesting historical past.
Read or Download A Short History of Laos: The Land in Between (Short History of Asia series, A) PDF
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Extra info for A Short History of Laos: The Land in Between (Short History of Asia series, A)
These kingdoms were organised as hierarchical societies in which classifications of people implied hierarchy. Even the highest lord of the kingdom was kha in relation to the king. Upland non-Buddhists were kha to all Buddhists. Kha might occasionally be given a particular name, such as the Kha-kassak surrounding Luang Phrabang, but these were kha who were encompassed by a muang and tied to it by ritual relations, among others. Those beyond the muang were khon pa, ‘wild forest dwellers’, beyond the pale 21 Laos—PAGES 12/4/02 2:10 PM Page 22 A Short History of Laos of civilisation.
They were stopped only when they reached Saraburi, by a large army quickly assembled by Bangkok, which pushed them back. Anou’s retreating army compelled as many people as they could to march with them to the north, and slaughtered those who resisted. The uprising, however, ended in a fiasco. His son was soon captured, and Anou himself fled to Hue in Vietnam. Siamese forces entered Vientiane and began to destroy the city. The Siamese commander Phrarajwang Bovon reported to Rama III: The people of Vientiane have fled to Muang Lakorn, Muang Chiang Mai, Muang Lamphun, Muang Phrae, Muang Nan and Muang Luang Phrabang in great number.
Many of them were members of local nobility. The inner core of the kingdom was made up of provinces directly ruled by appointees from the capital. The sakdi na administrative system pioneered by Ayudhya was taken over by the Chakri dynasty and strengthened. The major preoccupation of the new central king was to centralise power, which meant segmenting the power of his ruling nobility so that they could not challenge him. Besides state control of the all-important international trade, this meant ensuring that no aristocrats or vassal kings 26 Laos—PAGES 12/4/02 2:10 PM Page 27 Before Laos on the periphery would be able to muster sufficient manpower to challenge the centre.